Beta-Lactamase Induction (Crude Preparation)

Categorized: Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Peptides


Gootz & Sanders. A.A.C.


  1. Inoculate regular growth medium with overnight culture of bacteria. (1/20 – 1/50)
  2. Grow to OD600 = 0.3 under usual conditions (37oC, shaking).
  3. Add sterile antibiotics so the final concentration is 1/2 the MIC of that antibiotic for that bacteria. Include a control of no antibiotic for each strain.
  4. Grow for another 3 hours. Check final OD600. (Cells should still grow.)
  5. Add 1mM NaAz (final concentration) to stop cell metabolism.
  6. Centrifuge cells in Sorvall 7K, 15′ in G3 or 10K, 5′ in SS34.
  7. Wash 2X in 5mM Hepes pH 7.2.
  8. Resuspend each pellet in small volume of buffer (approx. 2 mls) (or 1/100 of original growth volume).
  9. Place each sample in small plastic test tube. Keeping samples on ice, sonicate each one 3X for 1 minute bursts, using small probe at 35%. Alternatively: add polymyxin B to a final concentration of 1mg/ml or French Press in the small cell.
  10. Spin down in ultracentrifuge 70.1 Ti, 23K, 30′, 5oC.
  11. Carefully pipet off supernatant. This is the crude B-lactamase extract. Store: short term: 4oC (loses activity with time) long term: -20oC (loses activity with freeze-thawing)
  12. By doing protein assays and nitrocefin assays on each sample, you can then determine the specific activity. See “permeability Calculations: 10 easy steps” for calculations of specific activity.